Modeling Electrolysis-based H2 Production for Grid Service Assessment

Session: Rapid-Fire Introductions by Poster PresentersDate: Wednesday, October 16, 2019 / 11:35AM - 12:05PM PDTTags: Poster / Performance, Reliability and Technological Advancements

Hydrogen is a promising clean and renewable source of energy. Its high energy density offers a unique and effective means to store energy. The integration of hydrogen production devices with the power grid could lead to a cleaner and more reliable grid operation at reasonable costs. In this work, the capability of Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) electrolyzers to perform grid services is assessed using a battery equivalent model approach. The Battery Equivalent Model (BEM) has been developed to represent the physics and operation of a fleet of PEM electrolyzers. The BEM model has been designed to be modular and readily incorporated into grid planning studies. This application of PEM electrolyzers can be integrated with other power generation and consumption devices, aggregating capabilities of each device to enhance the ability of the integrated system to provide grid services and improves grid stability. The developed model is evaluated using ancillary support services including peak management, frequency regulation, voltage regulation, artificial inertia, spinning reserve, and wholesale market price response using a representative price and power system profiles. The BEM model has also been evaluated to provide frequency regulation service that conforms to the IEEE 1547-2018 standard. Metrics such as energy efficiency, charging efficiency, hydrogen production rate, and service efficacy have been incorporated into the model to quantify the performance of the fleet while responding to grid services. Results show the electrolyzer fleet's effectiveness in quickly adjusting its real power consumption based on grid service requests. The energy efficiency of the fleet is maintained relatively high – in the range of 78% and 90% during the service operation. These results demonstrate the ability of PEM electrolyzers to effectively provide fast dispatch capability through storing off-peak hour energy while regulating power consumption during peak hours. The BEM model can assist in quantifying the stability and variability impacts from integration of PEM electrolyzers with intermittent renewable resources in grid integration studies.